There are three types of solar panels namely monocrystalline, polycrystalline, and thin-film. If you are not sure about the best material suited for your home or business, it would be best to have a professional solar panel installer guide you on the best material that matches your needs.

Monocrystalline Solar Panels

Monocrystalline solar panels are cut from single crystalline silicon. The composition of each cell is made from a single piece of silicon. Mono solar panels are more efficient as compared to poly solar panels and they perform much better in lower light and high heat. 

The only downside to mono solar panels is that they are more expensive than poly solar panels. Monocrystalline is also called single-crystalline silicon solar panels. You can easily recognize them due to the dark black color.

Monocrystalline solar panels are also referred to as premium solar panels. They provide a more appealing aesthetics and they are more efficient. The silicon is typically formed into bars and then cut into wafers.

Polycrystalline Solar Panels

Polycrystalline can be easily distinguished since the solar panels have squares. It has a blue, mosaic look and the angles are not cut. Polycrystalline is made by melting raw silicon. 

Polycrystalline solar cells are fused from multiple pieces of silicon. The small pieces of silicon are formed and treated to create a solar cell. However, poly solar panels are less efficient when compared to mono solar panels.

This type of solar panel typically comes with a 25-year warranty. Monocrystalline and polycrystalline solar panels have the same life expectancy. However, both solar panels can last more than their 25-year lifespan.

Thin-Film Solar Panels

A thin-film solar panel is composed of thin films of semiconductors deposited on glass, plastic, or metal. Thin-film solar panels are lightweight and extremely flexible. However, thin-film solar panels are less efficient when compared to mono or poly solar panels. 

This type of solar panel is used for large-scale utility projects with some specialty applications. They are created using a thin layer of photovoltaic material against a support plate made of glass or plastic or laid into a substrate.

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